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Overview and Learning Objectives
Central Concepts
Textbook References
Benchmarks and Standards
Activity Credits

DNA to Protein Animation (an animation with some interactivity)

Interactive model, with minimal support

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Overview and Learning Objectives

This flash interactive animation, while designed to work with other molecular models, stands on its own as a learning tool. Students can follow a eucaryotic or procaryotic path into DNA, where they observe transcription and translation of proteins. Users can type in DNA code and see its code direct the assembly of amino acids.

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Central Concepts

Key Concept:

The sequence of nucleotides in the DNA dictates the sequence of amino acids in proteins. Altering the sequence of nucleotides in DNA, and consequently changing the code in mRNA, may change the sequence of amino acids in the protein and affect its shape.

Additional Related Concepts

Molecular Biology

  • Base pairs
  • Coding
  • DNA
  • Gene expression
  • Nucleic Acid
  • Primary structure
  • RNA

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Textbook References

  • Biology (Prentice-Hall) New York Edition - Chapter 12: DNA and RNA
  • Biology: Concepts and Connections (Pearson) 5th Edition - Chapter 12: DNA Technology and the Human Genome
  • Biology: Exploring Life - Chapter 11: DNA and the Language of Life

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Benchmarks and Standards


  • THE LIVING ENVIRONMENT: CELLS - The genetic information encoded in DNA molecules provides instructions for assembling protein molecules (Full Text of Standard)


  • Life Science: Heredity Molecular Basis - 1 In all organisms, the instructions for specifying the characteristics of the organism are carried in DNA (Full Text of Standard)

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Activity Credits

Created by CC Project: Molecular Workbench using Flash

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Last Update: 12/07/2015 Maintainer: CC Web Team (webmaster@concord.org)
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These materials are based upon work supported
by the National Science Foundation under grant numbers
9980620, ESI-0242701 and EIA-0219345

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this
material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect
the views of the National Science Foundation.